Antioxidative response of Indian mustard subjected to drought stress

Nisha Kumari, Ram Avtar, Anita Kumari, Bunty Sharma, Babita Rani and RK Sheoran


The growth and yield of plants are severely affected by different environmental stresses. Water deficit imposed by
drought brings about severe growth retardation and yield loss of crops. Therefore, in order to evaluate the response of
antioxidant defense system of Indian mustard varieties to drought stress, a field experiment was conducted at Oilseeds
Research Area, CCS HAU, Hisar, by taking two varieties i.e. RH 0406 (drought-tolerant) and RH 0749 (drought-sensitive).
A different response of drought stress was observed on enzymatic and non-enzymatic components of antioxidant
system in leaves of drought-tolerant and drought-sensitive varieties of Indian mustard (Brassica juncea). Drought
stress was created by withholding the irrigation after sowing. The antioxidative enzymes viz. superoxide dismutase
(SOD), peroxidase (POX), ascorbate peroxidase (APX) and glutathione reductase (GR) showed higher basal activities in
leaves of drought-tolerant variety (RH 0406) as compared to drought-sensitive variety (RH 0749). Plants under drought
stress indicated a significant increase in antioxidative enzyme but this increase was more pronounced in droughttolerant
variety i.e. RH 0406 as compared to RH 0749, a drought sensitive variety. The content of ascorbic acid, carotenoids,
total glutathione and proline content were also recorded higher in tolerant variety than in sensitive variety under
drought stress. It can be inferred that leaves of drought-tolerant variety (RH 0406) had greater capacity to perform
reaction of antioxidative pathways under drought stress to control drought-induced oxidative stress.


Antioxidative enzymes, drought stress, glutathione, Indian mustard, proline

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