Nutritional profiling and genetic relatedness among Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L) genotypes

Priyamedha, VV Singh , Bhagirath Ram HK Sharma , MS Sujith Kumar, Pradeep Kumar, Monika Dubey and PK Rai


Development of genotypes with improved nutritional qualities with high antioxidants is highly desirable in Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.). A set of forty-four advanced breeding lines of Indian mustard derived from cross [EC564648×(Rajat×NUDHYJ3)], [NRCHB101×NUDHYJ5], [EC552573×(Varuna×NUDHYJ3)] and [NRCDR02×NUDHYJ5] were undergo nutritional profiling for oil and seed meal and molecular marker analysis using SSR markers for genetic relatedness among themselves. The genetic parameters for the nutritional traits have also been studied. The double zero advanced breeding lines, DRMRQ4-7-23 (high oleic acid), DRMRQ1-11-32 (moderate linoleic acid with high oleic/linoleic ratio), DRMRQ4-5-25 (low linolenic acid with high ω-6/ω-3 ratio), DRMRQ4-1- 58 (high β-carotene content), DRMRQ 2-3-17 (high flavonoid content) and DRMRQ1-16-27 (high antioxidant) were reported to be nutritionally improved lines. Trait flavonoid content exhibited highest GCV (34.74%) and oil content exhibited the lowest (0.83%) one. Traits like oleic acid, linoleic acid, linolenic acid, oleic/linoleic ratio, ω-6/ω-3 ratio, antioxidant and β-carotene exhibited more than 90% heritability. Thirty polymorphic primers out of 135 SSR primers generating 76 alleles with two to four alleles per primer and PIC value ranging from 0.129 to 0.678 were used to calculate Jaccard's dissimilarity coefficients ranging from 0.09 to 0.74 with an average of 0.40. The UPGMA based dendrogram representing genetic dissimilarity among different genotypes grouped 44 double low advanced breeding lines into four clusters with fourth cluster divided into three sub-clusters. SSR based clustering showed that although these genotypes are derived from different crosses, yet they are genetically related to each other probably due to common double zero parentage. These nutritionally enriched double zero genotypes are important genetic resources for the mustard breeders.


Double zero, genetic diversity, nutritional parameter, SSR markers

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