Heterosis for quantitative traits in Gobhi Sarson (Brassica napus L)

Meenakshi Sharma , Ravindra Kumar , Ashish Sheera , Sanjay Sanadya and Poonam Chawla


Five genotypes of Gobhi Sarson (Brassica napus L.) were crossed in a half-diallel mating design to calculate heterosis for seed yield and yield components. Ten crosses and their parents were evaluated in the field followed by a randomized complete block design with three replications. The F1 hybrids and their parents were evaluated at Mata Gujri College, Fatehgarh Sahib, Punjab. Analysis of variance showed significant differences for all the traits in crosses and highly significant heterosis was detected among the hybrids. It indicated the existence of considerable genetic variability in breeding material. Seed yield per plant showed 70.8 to 136.5% significant difference in heterobeltiosis followed by secondary branches per plant (80.5 1o 99.0%), biological yield (30.7 to 90.7%), siliqua length (33.6 to 56.7%), primary branches (18.9 to 42.1%), number of seeds per siliqua (21.1 to 32.9%), plant height (15.0 to 27.3%), harvest index (12.6 to 23.7%) as well as biological yield showed 41.9 to 77.8% significant difference in standard heterosis followed by secondary branches per plant (42.3 to 64.9%), siliqua length (31.3 to 46.5%), seed yield per plant (9.4 to 44.6%), number of seed per siliqua (16.3 to 26.4%), primary branches (22.8 to 42.8%), days to 50% flowering (-7.0 to -21.1%) and days to first flowering (-6.0 to 10.3%). The crosses with high seed yield per plant indicate a considerable potential to embark on breeding of hybrid in Gobhi Sarson.


Genetic variability, Gobhi Sarson, heterobeltiosis, yield

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