Line × tester analysis for combining ability and heterosis in Indian mustard (Brassica juncea)

HS Meena, Arun Kumar, Swarnim Kulshrest PD Meena, Bhagirath Ram, Anubhuti Sharma, VV Singh and Dhiraj Singh


Line × tester analysis was carried out to estimate combining ability and heterosis of 18 hybrids developed by
crossing 9 lines with 2 testers of Indian mustard. The F1 hybrids along with parental genotypes planted at the
experimental farm of ICAR-Directorate of Rapeseed-Mustard Research, Bharatpur, India during 2015-16
were evaluated for twelve characters, including days to flowering, days to maturity, plant height (cm), number
of primary & secondary branches / plant, main shoot length (cm), number of siliquae on main shoot, siliqua
length (cm), number of seeds per siliqua, 1000-seed weight (g), oil content (%) and seed yield (kg/ha).
Analysis of variance revealed sufficient genetic variability among parents, hybrids and parent vs. hybrids for
most of the traits. The operation of both additive and non-additive gene actions with predominance of nonadditive
gene action was observed in controlling seed yield and contributing traits. Estimates of GCA effects
indicated that RH 749, RH 406, Rohini, NRCHB 101 and NPJ 112 were good general combiner. Significant
SCA effects for seed yield, 1000-seed weight, number of seeds/ siliqua and other attributing traits in desirable
direction were recorded in a series of hybrids and a close association between SCA effects and heterosis
was observed amongst the best hybrids identified on the basis of SCA effects. The three hybrids; NRCHB
101/ NPJ 112, RH-749/ NPJ 112 and RH-406/ RRN-727 exhibited high magnitude of better parent, standard
parent and mid parent heterosis with highly significant SCA effects and higher per se performance for seed
yield and important traits. The high yielding cross combinations can be further exploited for improving the
seed yield by development superior genotypes and the parents involved in producing heterotic hybrids shall be
converted to well adapted cytoplasmic male sterile or restorer lines.

Full Text:



  • There are currently no refbacks.