Irrigation and fertilizer effects on productivity, quality, water use and economics of Yellow Sarson [Brassica rapa (L.) var. trilocularis]

Abhijit Sarma and JC Das


An experiment was conducted to study the effect of irrigation and fertilizer on Yellow Sarson (Brassica rapa L.
var. trilocularis (Roxb.) Kitam.) with 4 irrigation regimes viz., irrigation at flowering, irrigation at pod formation,
irrigation at flowering and pod formation and conventional practice (rainfed) and 3 levels of fertilizers viz.,
60-40-40, 75-50-50 and 90-60-60 N-P2O5-K2O kg/ha during 2012-13 to 2014-15. Two irrigations applied at
flowering- and siliqua formation stage recorded higher yield attributes viz., siliqua/plant, siliqua length and number
of seeds/siliqua. Two irrigations at flowering- and pod formation stage also recorded 6.8, 11.6 and 46.9 percent
higher yield over single irrigation at flowering, single irrigation at pod formation and rainfed crop. Among the
fertilizer levels, application of 90-60-60 N-P2O5-K2O kg/ha being at par with 75-50-50 N-P2O5-K2O kg/ha
recorded the highest yield attributes, seed yield, net return and B : C ratio. The highest water use efficiency
(WUE) was observed with two irrigations at flowering- and pod formation stage.


Benefit-cost ratio, crude seed protein yield, water use efficiency, Yellow Sarson

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